The Internet has long ago been proclaimed the American writer George R. R. Martin as the Niccolo Machiavelli in the 21st century because just like the Italian philosopher explained what it is like to be live at the beginning of the 15th century, Martin explained our age in the saga "A song of ice and fire".
Produced by David Benioff and Daniel B. Weiss, the epic story has been transmitted to millions of people who have been lost their mind for the series "The Game of Thrones" for many years. We have learned about the human passions, ambitions and the desire for the power of all of those who played the game with no winners, all under the shroud of dragons and monsters.
How did the Game of Thrones do the same thing as Machiavelli in the Renaissance?
The Middle Ages are taken as one of the longest stable periods in the human recorded history, for about 1000 years. True, there have been many fractures, but the social system as a whole has remained intact. At the head of the state, there was a monarch who had a divine legitimacy affirmed by religious institutions, and that monarch was balancing the interests of the aristocracy. The vast majority of the population almost certainly did not count.
When the flows of history finally brought about a change, when the old society began to perish, people continued to believe in the Divine right of deciding the king, the infallibility of the Church, the indifference of the common man and the honest intention of the growing citizenry. The world was sinking into hypocrisy that piled up corpses and destruction. Then Machiavelli appeared and announced the simple truth that nobody wanted to see. The world in the shades of gray, the same Machiavelli has taught anyone who wanted to know how to exist in such a world, to prosper and how is such a world shaped.
The first victim of every great truth is a fool
The first fool who lost its head because of an ideal was Ned Stark. His decapitation opened the eyes of many idealists, because of the will of the mighty and the capriciousness of a madman (King Joffrey), a model father, a husband, a leader, a warrior, a statesman ... ended up slaughtered like a pig, regardless of the fact that all justice was on his side and material evidence of the incestuous origin of King Joffrey in the hands of all the important players of the imaginary world of Westeros.
His nephew John Snow (Aegon Targaryen) always chooses justice until the last episode and he always puts a hanging rope around his neck. Even when he acts irrationally and when he stabs the knife between the ribs of his aunt Daenerys, he does that for ideals. In the end, he ends up on the wall, dismissed of all of his titles and honors, on the border where there is no need for one.
If we look at realistic political ideals occasionally (not so often), they can serve as the rocket fuel of one's political career, but the outcome is either the fate of the patriarch of the line Stark, or the fate of the last Targerian. A good example of the first situation is the Serbian socialist Dimitrije Tucovic. At the beginning of the 20th century, he sees many problems of Serbian society and people, remains faithful to the ideals of social justice, and then his companions in Europe voted for war. At the beginning of the Great War, the same Tucovic falls while defending his principles and the people in the war, he was against it until the end.
On the other hand, those who have survived their idealism are all around us. For example, there were first-time participants of the 1968 student revolution, or all of those who were regular in rallies in Serbia since the 1990s, always thinking that "now is the right moment" and that "everything will be alright when these leave."
Why democracy needs what we have today?
The interesting scene in the last episode is the proposal by Samwell Tarly to introduce democracy in the Seven Kingdoms, that is, the people are the ones who will choose the King. This is welcomed by the laughter of all the present masters, and cynical remarks. Reading the comments on the social networks, of the people of the Western and Democratic world, the dismissal of Tarli's proposal was not welcomed. These people forget that the world of the Game of Thrones is based on feudal Europe where the only difference between the farmer of the land and the horse is that the farmer can speak. The lord was the owner of the land, and the farmers were the tools who worked on that land, he could chase them away, he could gamble dem, and just partial freedom of movement made a difference between the farmer and a slave.
Democratic societies have always been there, but they were limited to fewer people who lived at a relatively short distance. Democracy was reserved for cities, Athens, Rome, Venice, Dubrovnik, but only those who financed democracy were asked about it. The Roman Republic and its version of the representative system of power collapsed as Rome stepped outside Italy. The administration of the Empire required a centralized administration.
Contemporary democracy was created in the United States, but Chicago's founders knew that the territory was large, that it was necessary to make a federal division of power, and that voting and counting of votes was a very complex process. This is best seen by the way in which Americans elect a president, reflecting the village society that they had three centuries ago.
We are witnesses that even in modern times democratic systems are failing if political culture and education of the population are not at the proper level. Democracy requires literate citizens who live from their work and are interested in their political community. Therefore, democracy in Westeros is not possible. Today, when we are on the verge of voting on the Internet, and thanks to the use of blockchain technology, there is no one to steal those votes and it is easy for us to defend the innocent Tarly.
What happened to the "Iron Bank"?
What was left unsaid in the last episode, and what we have seen since the day Stannis Baratheon appeared in Bravos, is the fate of the "Iron Bank" there. This organization was the largest creditor of the Seven Kingdoms. In order to settle past debts, and to become a creditworthy queen, Cersei destroyed the Tyrell family and ripped off their wealth. In return, the bank gave her a new loan by which she hired the Golden Company, otherwise one of the levers by which Iron bank charged its debts. In the 7th season, we saw that the bankers actually do complex political analysis, give money to the borrower who has the highest chance of ruling, and after that, they pick up a cream.
Many in this institution saw the World Bank, the IMF, the Paris and London Club, and other international financial institutions. Whoever wanted to know, and he couldn't know how, he could get knowledge from the Iron Bank how hedge funds work, that you don't come into power with the good campaign but with concluding a lucrative contract with future partners.
We believe that the story with the Bank will be left out, just like many others in the serial, and that Martin will be the one who will solve the most powerful institutions of the world in the books. We believe and hope that the producers didn't receive a call from someone who doesn't like to reveal where the greatest secrets of the money flow.
What does liberation mean, and what is emancipation?
Deneris, along with all of his Pharaonic titles, had one of them - the Breaker of chains. She freed all of the slaves from the Slave bay. One of the most emotional scenes is when the liberated slaves raise their hands and when they start calling her mother. Gray Worm and Missandei became one of the most favorite characters but everybody who is familiar with the history of Haiti and Liberia knew how is this going to end. They knew that the Gray worm will slaughter the war prisoners on the knees.
Beginning with the Spartacus slave rebellion in Rome, the struggle for liberation is a major topic and is considered the most honorable act when a human being gets his dignity. Did you know that it is one of the first democratic and free states in the world of Haiti?
Is Deneris the critique of American liberals?
Just like the story of the emancipation of former slaves, these parallels with the current political situation "over the pond" can be tense. Danny began her role as an absolute heroine. A girl who fought and fought with domestic violence, who accepted another culture as her own, who found her place and purpose in life, enduring terrible losses.
The road to hell is paved with good intentions, and that is why its genesis in the anti-hero seems so sudden and unreal to many people. Judging by the comments and memes, we who have grown up on this side of the Curtain expected it and the transformation of Deneris from mother to the conquer was quite expected.
Is Bren's Initiation a solution to the issue of the reproduction of political power?
Theoretically, the 7-1 kingdom is an electoral monarchy, such as the Holy Roman Empire of German nationality, or what Serbia was until the Holy See in 1859 when the Prince was last elected. This way of choice at that time had a great advantage. The kingdom did not have to cope with an incompetent son, it was a way to break the principle of a Strong ruler and then the Week ruler.
Reproducing of political power would mean that a capable father/ruler/group makes their heirs also capable and even more successful rulers. The tragedy of the character of Tywin Lannister lies in the fact that the reproduction of power was the most important lifestyle for him, only to find out that each of the children disappointed him.
Is Bren's enthronement an announcement of new world order?
In a great analysis of the last episode, colleague Dunja Savanovic touched the subject of the neglect of Bran's power. Bran renounced Winterfell and the lord's title to eventually come to the ruins of King's landing to become king. The first task he takes finding and probably mastering the consciousness of the last living dragon.
Bran does not want to end up in a cave like the previous incarnations of the Three-eyed raven, he is very pleased to accept the rule. Is it good that at the head of the state we have a man who sees our past, our present and our future? Is it good that at the head of the state we have a man who will enter us and force us to hold the door for him until he gets out? Is the database with the very perfidious processor like Bran a symbol of some of our futures? The future where we will have no choice, where we will be controlled? The future where we won't desire emancipation?
Martin and the authors of the series warned us, just as Machiavelli advised and warned that in this world nothing is as it seems, that we cannot escape passion. And that the least dangerous path is the one that leads us to work on ourselves, to read, to listen, to watch, to feel and to think. The road where we become better every day and harder like a rock where the Iron Throne was melted and created.
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(Telegraf.co.uk / Djordje Radivojevic)