Each year, In Serbia, 314 children under the age of 19 are diagnosed with cancer, and even 50 of them lose a battle each year with this disease. Disastrous official statistics show that two-thirds of the children which are sick with malign tumor - 63.4% of them are under 15 years old.
According to the official data of the Institute of Public Health of Serbia "Dr. Milan Jovanovic Batut", published on the occasion of the 15th February, International Day of Children with Malignant Diseases, children in our country are most often affected by three groups of diseases - leukemia, brain tumors, and lymphomas and they make up almost the half of the malign diseases in that age.
- The most common cause of death outcome in early age in Serbia is leukemia, lymphomas and brain tumors. On average, 50 children up to the age of 19 loses the battle with this disease - stated from "Batut".
Leukemias are the most common malignant diseases in childhood:
- They make up 26.6 percent up to the age of 15, then there are brain tumors with 18.6 percent and lymphomas with 9.5 percent. At the age up to 19 years, the most common were leukemia with 20.4 percent, and the brain tumors with 16.6 and lymphomas 12.1%.
This year, the International Day of Children with Malignant Diseases will be marked on February 15 under the slogan "Early detection ... a greater chance" because the main task of both health workers and the wider community is the education of children and adolescents and their parents in terms of prevention, primarily by acquiring healthy lifestyle habits, as well as in identifying early warning signs and symptoms of malignant diseases.
EARLY WARNING SIGNS:
1. White spots in the eye, new split, new strabismus, convex eyeball
2. Balls in the stomach and pelvis, head and neck, limbs, testicles, glands
3. Unexplained prolonged temperature over two weeks
4. Unexplained weight loss, fading, tiredness, bruising or bleeding
5. Pain in bones, joints, back, and easily formed fractures
6. Neurological signs: change in or worsening of walking, balance or speech, headache for more than two weeks with or without vomiting, enlargement of the head.
The International Day of Children with Malignant Diseases, established on February 15, 2002, was established by the International Confederation of the Parents' Association of Children with Cancer, and today it is celebrated in more than 85 countries around the world.
At the initiative of the parent association and with the support of the Ministry of Health, this day became part of our National Public Health Calendar in 2013.
In Serbia, the first associations of parents of children with malignant diseases started working in the early 1990s.
(Telegaf.co.uk / Lj.R. - firstname.lastname@example.org)