Statement by the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs, Federica Mogherini, that the resolution of the Kosovo issue should be verified by the UN Security Council, points to a new direction in resolving the Kosovo problem that would entail amending UN Security Council Resolution 1244, analysts say.
The resolution adopted on June 10, 1999, approved an international military and civilian presence in Yugoslavia and the establishment of the Provisional Administration Mission in Kosovo. That is why a question emerges, what would change bring to Serbia regarding the negotiations in Brussels?
High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs, Federica Mogherini said in New York that it is necessary for Kosovo to abolish tariffs and that the final agreement must be in line with international law for the continuation of the dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina, but also it must be supported by the UN Security Council.
- Your role is and will be crucial, and we are ready, including me, to intensify the talks with all members of the UN Security Council - Mogherini said on Tuesday in her address to the UN Security Council.
Reacting to this message, the prime minister of the Pristina provisional institutions, Ramush Haradinaj, said that taxes and dialogue were not mutually conditioned.
- Dialogue was derailed long before tariffs were introduced. Lack of transparency, encouraging land swap proposal & failure to implement existing agreements - those are the reasons. Dialogue can and should resume without relating it to tariffs - wrote Haradinaj.
Dialogue was derailed long before tariffs were introduced @FedericaMog. Lack of transparency, encouraging land swap proposal & failure to implement existing agreements - those are the reasons. Dialogue can and should resume without relating it to tariffs. RH
— Ramush Haradinaj (@haradinajramush) March 13, 2019
Chairman of the Assembly Committee for Kosovo and Metohija Milovan Drecun explains that the message of the EU representative indicates the possibility that the eventual final solution will be different from UNSC Resolution 1244, which means that it will have to be changed and that it is, therefore, necessary to adopt it as such UN.
- Ms. Mogherini says that the talks will be related to the status of Kosovo and Metohija, that is, they will be raised to a higher level, and that they have to be in line with international law and to be confirmed in the UN Security Council - said Drecun.
The head of Serbian diplomacy Ivica Dacic explains, however, that does not mean that there will be a change in the format of negotiations and that Serbia has always said that eventually there will be an agreement that may be reached at the second level, to verify this executive body of the world organization.
- That means that if there is going to be verification at all by the Security Council, the UN member states must be informed and familiarized with it. Serbia is explaining the course of negotiations to all of its friends - he explains.
He pointed out that if the platform is taken into account, it is only an indication that Pristina representatives do not want a compromise, and that everything done in the previous seven years was for nothing.
- What is the use of expressing some of the points during the dialogue, the platform should be made at the start? They remembered to make it now as if the dialogue is just starting. They thought that Serbia will accept everything they are asking for, which is the reaction on the fact that not everything is going as they wanted it - Dacic is convinced.
WHAT IS DETERMINED BY RESOLUTION 1244?
On June 10, 1999, Resolution 1244 was adopted following the repeal of resolutions 1160 (1998), 1199 (1998), 1203 (1998), and 1239 (1999), which approved the international military and civil presence in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and established the Provisional administrative mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).
It followed after the consent of the President of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic, to the conditions which were proposed by the Finish president Martti Ahtisaari and Russian prime minister Viktor Chernomyrdin on June 8th, which included the withdrawal of the Yugoslav Army from Kosovo and Metohija (annex 2).
The resolution was adopted in 1999 with 14 votes in favor and no opposition. China has remained abstained for criticizing NATO aggression, especially due to the bombing of its embassy. Its representatives said that the conflict was to be resolved by the Government of the FR of Yugoslavia and its citizens and that they were opposed to foreign intervention. However, as the FRY accepted the peace proposal, China did not veto the resolution.
WHO IN THE UN HAS THE RIGHT TO VOTE AND TO VETO?
The Security Council has five permanent members that emanate from the victors after the Second World War: China, France, Russia, Great Britain, and the United States, and they have veto power.
The remaining ten members are elected by the General Assembly for a period of 2 years beginning on January 1, with the replacement of five members each year. Members are elected by regions and confirmed at the session of the Assembly. The African bloc gives three members, South America, Asia, Western Europe, and others give two members, and the Eastern Europe one. Also, one of the members is from the Arab countries, from the Asian or African bloc.
Decisions of the fifteen members of the Security Council on all important issues require a confirmed vote of nine members. A negative vote, or veto, by a permanent member, prevents the adoption of the proposal even if it has the necessary number of final votes.
(Telegraf.co.uk / J.N. / firstname.lastname@example.org)