We think that Vidovdan is the greatest holiday, and we don't celebrate it by not working: What are the key events that took place on this day?
On every June 28th, we remember the heroes of Kosovo and all of the temptations the Serbian people faced on this day
Citizens of Serbia put their hearts into many holidays, but no one awakens the feeling of unity, belonging and patriotism like Vidovdan. And this, for many the greatest day of Serbs, is not on the list of state holidays which are celebrated by not working.
The first one, the predecessor of all our Vidovdans happened precisely 629 years ago. The battle where both rulers died, where many lives and countless soldiers lost their lives and, the battle which marked the end of freedom for Serbian people, is inextricably connected with the idea of martyrdom and the choice for eternal over transitional. And it all reflects in - Vidovdan!
Vidovdan was first proclaimed to be a national holiday in 1889. at 500 year anniversary of Kosovo battle. But, this day wasn't always marked as a state holiday. There was a part of history when it wasn't marked at all.
After 1929, King Aleksandar Karadjordjevic forbade the official celebration of Vidovdan as a state holiday. In the light of the creation of the former state of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, it was clear that Serbian specific holidays no longer had the support of the ruler. Under the excuse that it was too nationalistic and that it jeopardizes the idea of "integral Yugoslavism", this holiday was abolished.
It was celebrated as a national holiday in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and it was returned as a national holiday in 2001, but it is not celebrated by not working. Why?
Sociologist Slobodan Vukovic explains to Portal Telegraf that not every holiday should be non-working, but that day was declared by the people as the greatest Serbian holiday.
- There are a lot of state holidays in our country, and Vidovdan is marked in many places in different ways. There, by opening the National Museum on this day, I consider that as a celebration - he explains.
Vukovic explains that Vidovdan has a historical significance, no matter the fact the Kosovo Battle was lost, and that many people died in it.
- The folk poetry contributed a lot to it because, Vidovdan was characterized as a great day, and folk creation has always had a great influence on the creation of value judgments. The state may not have placed on the list of non-working days, but that doesn't diminish its significance - Vukovic said.
- Vidovdan is a symbol of the loss of freedom, but also the great battle for freedom, and a lot more things are related to it that happened throughout history. Somehow, it always happened that fateful decisions were made on this day. If it weren't for those historical events to give it such a significance and if the church didn't preserve ethical values, this holiday wouldn't have had such a great influence - Djenovic explains.
Dramatic events from the newer history just strengthened its symbolism - from the mythical Kosovo choice for the kingdom of heaven, to the Princip's shooting in the city on Miljacka, to the rise and fall of Slobodan Milosevic and creating the accession negotiations with the European Union. Some say - its fate, others - a coincidence, but these events made the mixed feelings of pride and aching while awaiting for each Vidovdan in Serbia.
KOSOVO BATTLE (1389)
The original reason why is Vidovdan so sacred are the stories of heroism, sacrifice, spiritual rise after the heavy defeat and choosing the Kingdom of Heaven instead of the Earth. The death of Serbian fighters in Kosovo is the largest event in Serbian history and one of the most significant for the forming of national identity.
SECRET CONVENTION OF SERBIA AND AUSTRO-HUNGARY (1881)
By this agreement, Serbia committed itself not to conclude any political or economic agreements with other countries, without the prior approval of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In exchange for complete subordination to Vienna, the Serbian state and the Obrenovic dynasty became internationally recognized independence as a kingdom.
BALKAN WAR (1913)
Just a few hours after the celebration of the Vidovdan was over, Bulgarians performed an attack on Bregalnica, which was the introduction to the Second Balkan War.
THE ASSASSINATION ON FERDINAND (1914)
The plan of the Austro-Hungarian Crown Prince Franc Ferdinand was to humiliate and discipline disobedient Serbs in Sarajevo on Vidovdan. However, on the wings of the Kosovo myth of sacrifice, Gavrilo Princip shot at Ferdinand and killed him.
TREATY OF VERSAILLES WITH GERMANY (1919)
The Versailles Agreement, which ended the First World War, was signed on June 28, 1919, in which there is a real symbolism since the war began with the attack on Serbia.
VIDOVDAN CONSTITUTION OF SCS (1921)
The highest legal act of future Yugoslavia started the period of the common life of the Slovenian people, but already in the process of its creation, there were visible potential political conflicts that would ruin the country in the next decades.
RESOLUTION OF THE INFORMBIRO (1948)
Another Vidovdan, when Serbia, then within Yugoslavia, had to choose between the East and the West. On this day, the relations between Tito's Yugoslavia and the Eastern Bloc were definitely interrupted which consisted of the Soviet Union and other satellite states.
THE RISE OF MILOSEVIC ON GAZIMESTAN (1989)
Precisely on Vidovdan, Slobodan Milosevic became a national leader of Serbs in the eyes of his opponents and the entire world when he held the speech on Gazimestan on the occasion of 600 years of Kosovo Battle.
SERBS IN CROATIA (1990)
On June 28, 1990, with the deliberate symbolism, with the amendments to the Croatian Constitution, the Serbs ceased to be the constituent people of this republic.
MILOSEVIC EXTRADITED TO HAGUE (2001)
Exactly 12 years after the Gazimestan speech, Milosevic was extradited to The Hague. The extradition date almost caused more criticism than the event itself. Some say that it is a national humiliation, while others believe that with this date, Milosevic was given a chance to into history again on Vidovdan.
(Telegraf.co.uk / Gorica Avalic / firstname.lastname@example.org)
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